The role of Employment and Decent works as contributors in the Promotion of Peace and Social Cohession during Crisis"
WRAG's International Webinar which took place on November 28-29 under the theme "The role of Employment and Decent works as contributors in the Promotion of Peace and Social Cohession during Crisis" This Webinar brought together 100 Delegates from 15 Countries. Conflicts and disasters have serious implications for the world of work, while poverty, unemployment and decent work deficits can themselves become triggers of vulnerability and fragility. Decent work, employment and predictable sources of income are not only central to discouraging conflict, they are a means to share peace dividends. Engaging in productive work is often effective in bringing people together and addressing grievances through improved governance, social dialogue, employment, protection and a rights-based approach. These opportunities are essential for rebuilding broken communities and increasing resilience to future shocks, in particular in COVID-19 and other crisis. Countries that are already experiencing fragility, protracted conflict, climate change and forced displacement will face multiple burdens as a result of the pandemic, war and other conflicts. At the same time, the recent violence and demonstrations in several countries show the levels of discontent and mistrust and that social cohesion cannot be maintained if lack of opportunity, particularly for youth and women, lack of contact and interactions across different social groups, and grievances over inequality and social injustice are not dealt with properly. Indeed Conflict, COVID-19 crisis could potentially ignite or exacerbate these grievances, especially over access to health services, decent jobs and secure livelihoods, which are fragility and conflict drivers that could further undermine development, peace and social cohesion. WRAG has recently reinvigorated its mandate in the humanitarian-development-peace nexus and fully equipped itself to contribute to more peaceful and resilient societies through the promotion of employment and decent work. While evidence on the direct contribution of employment to peacebuilding processes is scarce, research findings confirm that unemployment, decent work deficits (such as lack of social dialogue and fundamental rights) and lack of access to livelihoods can be key contributing factors to conflict through three main drivers: Lack of opportunity such as youth employment, women’s economic and social empowerment Lack of contact and social cohesion across differ